Quick Answer: What Are The Basic Forms Of Ethical Reasoning?

What are the 7 steps to ethical decision making?

1 – GATHER THE FACTS.

□ Don’t jump to conclusions without the facts.

2 – DEFINE THE ETHICAL ISSUE(S) …

3 – IDENTIFY THE AFFECTED PARTIES.

4 – IDENTIFY THE CONSEQUENCES.

5 – IDENTIFY THE RELEVANT PRINCIPLES,6 – CONSIDER YOUR CHARACTER &7 – THINK CREATIVELY ABOUT POTENTIAL.8 – CHECK YOUR GUT.More items….

What are the six ethical theories?

Here, we take a brief look at (1) utilitarianism, (2) deontology, (3) social justice and social contract theory, and (4) virtue theory. We are leaving out some important perspectives, such as general theories of justice and “rights” and feminist thought about ethics and patriarchy.

What are the two major types of ethical systems?

3 Types of Ethical SystemsDeontology and Ethics – Follow the Rules and Your Duties.Teleology and Ethics – Consequences of Your Choices.Virtue Ethics – Develop Good Character Traits.

What are ethical methods?

Sidgwick claims that there are three general methods of making value choices that are commonly used in ordinary morality: intuitionism, egoism, and utilitarianism. Intuitionism is the view that we can see straight off that some acts are right or wrong, and can grasp self-evident and unconditionally binding moral rules.

How do we decide ethics?

Determining What Is EthicalMorality is based on duty. When you do the right thing, it is not the outcome of the act that is the measure of its morality, but rather your intent.An act is moral if it could become a universal rule of society.On deciding the morality of an act, you must consider the perspective of the doer and the recipient.

How do you use ethical reasoning?

If a company lacks an ethical backbone, it risks alienating employees, angering clients and engaging in behavior that could result in financial or legal penalties. Use ethical reasoning in business situations to maintain a professional reputation internally with employees and externally with the business world.

What are the biggest ethical issues today?

The 5 Biggest Ethical Issues Facing BusinessesEthical Issues in Business. … Accounting. … Social Media. … Harassment and Discrimination. … Health and Safety. … Technology/Privacy.

Is Reason important in ethical Judgement?

At advanced levels optimism can be a motivating force for others. Ethical judgment is reasoning about the possible actions in the situation and judg- ing which action is most ethical. A person making an ethical judgment uses reason to decide what the best solution or decision is to a problem.

What are some examples of ethical decision making?

10 Great Examples of Ethical Decision Making In BusinessCostco’s Decision To Pay Fair Wages. … Volkswagen’s Strategy to Reduce its Workforce Without Layoffs. … Best Buy’s Commitment to Sustainability. … Woolworth’s gets out of liquor and gambling. … CVS Health Stops selling tobacco. … Chick-fil-A Pays for Employee Education. … McDonald’s invests in Employee Skills and Animal Rights.More items…•

What are common ethics?

‘Common-sense ethics’ refers to the pre-theoretical moral judgments of ordinary people. Moral philosophers have taken different attitudes towards pre-theoretical judgments of ordinary people. … Common-sense ethics relies on the five senses, as well as memory and reason, without the need to morally justify one’s position.

What is the best ethical theory?

UtilitarianismUtilitarianism is an ethical theory that determines right from wrong by focusing on outcomes. It is a form of consequentialism. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number.

What does kantianism mean?

Kantianism is defined as a branch of philosophy that follows the works of Immanuel Kant who believed that rational beings have dignity and should be respected. A philosophy of rational morality including God and freedom, based on the works of Kant, is an example of Kantianism.

What is the main point of ethics?

At its simplest, ethics is a system of moral principles. They affect how people make decisions and lead their lives. Ethics is concerned with what is good for individuals and society and is also described as moral philosophy.

What are the four methods of ethical reasoning?

Applying the four methods of ethical reasoning (utilitarianism, rights, justice, and virtue), do you believe Massey Energy behaved in an ethical manner? Why or why not?

What are the 5 ethical approaches?

Philosophers have developed five different approaches to values to deal with moral issues.The Utilitarian Approach. … The Rights Approach. … The Fairness or Justice Approach. … The Common-Good Approach. … The Virtue Approach. … Ethical Problem Solving.

What are the 3 types of ethics?

The three schools are virtue ethics, consequentialist ethics, and deontological or duty-based ethics.

What are the seven habits of strong ethical leaders?

Seven habits of Strong Ethical Leadership:Ethical leaders have a strong personal character.Ethical leaders have a passion to do right.Ethical leaders are proactive.Ethical leaders consider all stakeholders’ interests.Ethical leaders are role models for the organization’s values.Ethical leaders are transparent and actively involved in decision making.More items…

What is ethics and example?

Ethics is defined as a moral philosophy or code of morals practiced by a person or group of people. An example of ethics is a the code of conduct set by a business. … The system or code of morals of a particular person, religion, group, profession, etc.

What are the types of ethical reasoning?

Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues. The deontological class of ethical theories states that people should adhere to their obliga- tions and duties when engaged in decision making when ethics are in play.

What is ethical reasoning?

Ethical reasoning is the ability to identify, assess, and develop ethical arguments from a variety of ethical positions.” For the purposes of this application, it may be useful to think of an ethical reasoning course as one that integrates ethical questions into the intellectual work required in the course.

What are the 3 basic types of ethical issues?

Philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three general subject areas: metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. Metaethics investigates where our ethical principles come from, and what they mean.

Is Reason important in ethical judgment Why?

Reason is a suitable way of knowing for ethical decisions when one does not wish to question their perception of an issue. It proves useful when consequences are considered while understanding an issue. … Therefore, it is through reason that ethical decisions can be made without attachment to the problem at hand.

What are the 6 universal ethical standards?

Based on the convergence of the three sources of standards, six universal moral values for corporate codes of ethics are proposed including: (1) trustworthiness; (2) respect; (3) responsibility; (4) fairness; (5) caring; and (6) citizenship.